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What Causes Wrinkles?

Wrinkles are have many causes, but we have the answers!


Your skin has the ability to wrinkle—it has to allow arms to bend, eyes to squint and mouths to smile. But, unfortunately, the skin also wrinkles…permanently. Those are the kinds we invest our time and efforts in preventing and combating. But understanding what causes wrinkles may help you find more effective anti-aging products and understand how they work.

The Science Behind Wrinkles

Your skin’s firmness and its resilience to stretching (elasticity) are primarily the result of two proteins—collagen and elastin. Insufficient amounts and/or the chemical degradation of these proteins results in loose, sagging skin and skin that no longer “bounces back” to its original smooth, plump appearance…hence, wrinkles. Hyaluronic acid helps your skin retain moisture and gives it a full, fresh look.

There are two main reasons why fine lines and wrinkles begin to show after your 20s:

  • Natural collagen production decreases
  • Natural production and storage capacity of hyaluronic acid decreases

After the age of 20, your collagen production declines by about 1% per year. Remaining collagen and elastin fibers in the skin become looser and clump together, which makes skin inflexible and loose. This eventually leads to sagging skin and wrinkles.

Hyaluronic acid is a humectant—a substance that attracts water. It’s ability to attract and hold water make it critical to full, radiant skin. Human skin contains the highest concentration of hyaluronic acid during infancy—that’s why babies’ skin is so soft and supple. Natural stores and production capacity of hyaluronic acid decrease with age. When skin loses its ability to retain moisture, it also loses firmness and resilience.

The aging and wrinkle process


Wrinkles and the breakdown of your skin

Chemical degradation, which often entails the insertion of a sugar molecule into the structure of collagen and elastin, is constantly taking place. Sometimes it happens because of the action of enzymes in a process called glycosylation for the component molecules to be used for the building or repair new proteins. Unfortunately, degradation often happens because of the assault of free radicals—a process called glycation.

Glycosylation is catalyzed by glycosyltransferases, and is a part of normal protein biosynthesis.

Glycation, on the other hand, is a non-enzymatic reaction that proceeds under hyperglycemia and aging and is often discussed in a pathological context.

Free radicals and glycation leads to degradation of the support structure of your skin and fatty layers of your skin. The skin breaks down, lose water content, and lose elasticity, you get WRINKLES.

Most Common Causes Of Glycation

Free radicals that wreak havoc on collagen and elastin—and consequently our youthful appearance—are introduced to our skin from a number of sources. The most common causes of free radicals at the skin level are:

  • UV Radiation
  • Smoking
  • Poor Diet/Sugar

Of course, there are other factors that can exacerbate the effects of glycation—in other words, things that make wrinkles more noticeable, like:

  • Dehydration
  • Fatigue
  • Facial muscle training (e.g., furrowing your brow, smiling and frowning)

When you look at the causes and contributing factors to wrinkles, you see that a health complexion starts with a healthy lifestyle.

What do we do about wrinkles? Fight back!


Your skin is a very complex organ with many layers. Young skin has plenty of support, is flexible and recovers easily from damage. However, as you age, these supportive structures weaken. Taking care of your skin is just as important as taking care of your body as you age. That is why we Hale Cosmeceuticals is YOUR SKIN HEALTH company.

  • Stay hydrated. Your skin’s cells better support your facial structure when you have plenty of water.
  • Eat well. Your diet provides you with the antioxidants you need to fight free radical damage.
  • Sleep enough. Your body’s healing process is most efficient during the rest and rejuvenation cycle.
  • Get moving! Exercise fights stress, which can hasten the aging process.

Earlier adoption of a skin care routine can prevent wrinkles from forming. But at Hale Cosmeceuticals we made our mark in the industry with products that reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles that have already taken hold!

Topical skin care products can help diminish the appearance of wrinkles, and they may work in a number of ways. Some products may hydrate skin to plump up withered skin cells. Anti-oxidants fight and/or reduce free radicals (aka: reactive oxygen species). Many of our products stimulate the growth of collagen and elastin, to return the skin to its younger state. We have products which exfoliate dead, weary skin cells and others that encourage cell replication and turnover.

At Hale Cosmeceuticals, we are your SKIN HEALTH company. Our products contain REAL active ingredients that are scientifically known to have significant benefits to the skin and prevent signs of aging. We are CONFIDENT that our products will give you the results you are looking for!

For questions about these or any of our other active ingredients, please contact us online or call us today at 1-800-951-7005.
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